As a broad rule, when a compound adjective appears after the noun it modifies, that is, in the predicative position, it will not be hyphenated. Hyphens in Compound Adjectives The words in a compound adjective (a single adjective made up of two or more words) can be linked together by hyphens to show they … Incidentally, I heartily agree with Sarah Turner on “no-one” (in preference to the often-used “no one”, which to my mind has a different meaning (e.g “Of the many ideas put forward, no one solution on its own was seen as workable”), and I also favour “co-operate”, though I note that “cooperate” is considered correct in the US and find that it increasingly being used in the UK too (along with coordinate, proofread, etc., etc.) Sometimes compound nouns are connected with a hyphen: dry-cleaning, daughter-in-law, and well-being are some examples of hyphenated compound nouns. Minutes later, I was reading an entry, and I noticed the second error repeated therein: “The word denotes a well-informed language-lover and word connoisseur.” This time — assuming the author, while reading the proof, had not overlooked a copy editor’s erroneous insertion — the culprit was Garner himself. Whenever I see hyphenated compound nouns such as this, I feel as if I’m being whisked in a time machine to a bygone era in which hyphenation of word pairs was rampant: to-day, co-operate, tea-cup, and so on. Otherwise, no hyphens are needed. Not so. . 3. The municipal government is funding a community-based education system. So I appreciate being brought up to date by columns such as this one and probably will start to adopt “cooperate” and coordinate”, though I still resist “no one” (= nobody) for the reason I give above. It was published in the United Kingdom, whose form of English (the oldest among nations where English is widely spoken, though that doesn’t make it the definitive form) has only recently begun to veer from favoring such constructions. What is the correct way of writing one-year-old-child (or two, three, four etc.)? Stress is important in compound nouns. Twenty examples of hyphenated compound nouns are listed below. Complete Words Others have migrated and become complete words, spelled as one word, with no hyphen: headache checkbook boardinghouse clearinghouse. Many veterinarians find meat-fed cats to be quite healthy. The final arbiter of how a word is treated is a dictionary — or, if a publication for some reason prefers an alternate form, a published style guide such as The Chicago Manual of Style or a house, or internal, style guide compiled by one or more editors of that publication. up-to-date), you should use a hyphen when the compound comes before the noun: well-known brands of coffee. Hence, co-operate, co-ordinate, no-one, pre-empt, etc. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. One easy way to tell if you should use a hyphen is to pair each describing word on its own with the noun it’s describing. The most important thing is to choose one style of writing a compound noun and to use this style consistently throughout a … For example, “well-being” is a hyphenated compound word because it connects two words together with a hyphen. So in the terms “fire-fighter”, “bird-table”, “car-park”, and “water-resistance” the two nouns are indissociable and therefore require a hyphen. Compound adjectives are usually hyphenated. I speak and write American English, and my posts almost invariably represent that bias, hence my reference to the obsolescence of co-operate. Compound nouns are formed by the combination of two words. Usually, a compound noun will contain a noun as one of its elements. It is also acceptable (and preferred by most writers) to write compound nouns either as two separate words or joined up to make one word. Closed compounds are those written as single words, with no hyphenation. For example, sing-along is a compound formed from a verb and an adverb, but it functions as a noun: This is why I feel that “language-lover” does require a hyphen. Why on earth, I thought, did the copywriter think that word-choice merits hyphenation? Only then did I realize I had fallen into a trap that the English language often lays for the erudite and the inexperienced alike: the expectation that it will be consistent. In the compound noun "golf ball", the first word is stressed more (even though both words are nouns, and nouns are always stressed). Compound nouns can be made up of two or more other words, but each compound has a single meaning.They may or may not be hyphenated, and they may be written with a space between words—especially if one of the words has more than one syllable, as in living room.In that regard, it’s necessary to avoid the over-simplification of saying that two single-syllable words are written together … "Hyphens and Compound Nouns." We truly appreciate your support. But that doesn’t have to be the case. . Hyphen in a Compound Expression With a Noun and Past Participle. It is necessary to hyphenate compound adjectives because without the hyphenation, the modifier would be read differently. No-one (that’s no-one not noone) writes cooperate in the UK. In the phrase "pink ball", both words are equally stressed (as you know, adjectives and nouns are always stressed). Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! However, this was in the 1970s. No-one (that’s no-one not noone) writes cooperate in the UK. However, a fireman’s wife would never describe her husband as a “fighter”, we would not point to the birds gathering on the “table” and we would not leave our car in the “park”. The latter, because “one-year-old” modifies child. On the question of American English having retained old usage long-since discarded this side of the Atlantic, Bill Bryson’s book “Mother tongue” gives some interesting examples. . or, in the absence of a similar term, use the simplest possible construction. https://www.grammar.com/hyphens-and-compound-nouns. However, a hyphenated compound noun joins these two words with a punctuation mark called a hyphen. The book’s description refers to its attention to “questions . Check your text and writing for style, spelling and grammar problems everywhere on the web! an up-to-date account. Compound nouns comprised of a noun and a participle (in any order) must be hyphenated when being used as an adjective: a garden-filled city, cutting-edge methods. (Bear in mind that I am British.). Sometimes you separate them out into two words, sometimes you put them together, sometimes you separate with a hyphen. The Three Types of Compound Words Open compounds are written as separate words, such as “school bus” and “high school.” Hyphenated compounds, such as “merry-go-round” and “well-being,” are the second type. Compounds are also frequently hyphenated in compound adjectives like "funny-looking" or "sun-bleached," but are typically left open when the first element is an adverb, as in "lightly salted peanuts." I have to say hyphenation of compound words in English is completely arbitrary. Categorized Examples. Use a hyphen when the compound goes before the verb it modifies: Examples: The municipal government is funding a community-based education system. I wondered whether Garner had noticed these errors when he received his first copy. Thanks for your vote! But two of the open compound words, “ice cream” and “high school,” are commonly used as adjectives as well, as in “ice cream social” and “high school student.” A compound noun is a noun that is composed of two different words. Hyphens in Compound Nouns. Writers using familiar compound verbs and nouns should consult a dictionary or look online to decide if these verbs and nouns should be hyphenated. And if we were discussing a watch’s suitability for use while swimming, we would not talk of its “resistance”, even though the context made it clear that resistance to dust or shocks was not being referred to. C… These are often referred to as closed or solid compound nouns. Over time, many hyphenated compounds become closed compounds— teen-ager became teenager for instance. There’s just one error: In the third-last paragraph, you used the word “alternate” when you meant “alternative.”, Copyright © 2020 Daily Writing Tips . As a writer, if you’re struggling with hyphens in long modifier chains, moving the modifier to the end of the phrase can help untangle more obscure or dense sentences. Let’s look at this concept using our above examples. 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