. In the second sentence, the predicate adjective “welcome” describes the feeling that the jurists must have had upon being so welcomed. An expletive construction, along with its attendant “To be” verb, can often be eliminated to good effect. Thus, “She is being a good worker” (because she chooses to be so), but we would say “She is (not is being) an Olympic athlete” (because once she becomes an athlete she no longer “wills it”). **The section on uses of “To be” in passive constructions is based on information in Grammar Dimensions: Form, Meaning, and Use, #3 2nd Ed. . When we use “To be” verbs in a tag question, the basic formula follows: the verb is combined with a pronoun and sometimes with not (usually in a contracted form). Equals is inert, stative, and cannot take the progressive; there is no choice, no volition in the matter. (Don't try to make sense of this last construction. The following circumlocutory uses of "be" verbs are common in stuffy writing. In the first sentence, the participle “welcomed” (in this passive construction) emphasizes the action of welcoming: the smiles, the hearty greetings, the slaps on the back. Please try again later. In sentences such as these, the subject usually receives the intonation stress and the voice falls off on the verb. Caissons were also designed to function under water in the construction of bridges. ACT annual report on the progress of US high school graduates relative to college readiness. ACT is a mission-driven, nonprofit organization, known for the ACT test, but there are many more ways that our solutions can help on the path to college and career readiness. This action will open a new window. With the hope of encouraging every student to attend either college or postsecondary workforce training, officials set out to improve students’ ACT test scores to help open many different paths to success. Visit our section on the passive for advice on when to use the passive and when to substitute more active verb forms. In “Certain behaviors are allowed,” is "are” linking “behaviors” to "allowed" (a participle acting as a predicate adjective) or is “are allowed” a passive verb? UB is consistently recognized as one of the world’s most exceptional, most affordable universities, making it a top choice … . An auxiliary can be combined with the base form of “To be” to provide simple answers to questions that use forms of “to be.”, The verb “To be” also acts as a linking verb, joining the sentence subject with a subject complement or adjective complement. Get onboard. He wasn't widely accepted in this country at first. The “To be” will change form to indicate whether the subject is singular or plural: Notice how the information about who did the action is frequently found in a prepositional phrase beginning with “by.” Passive constructions do not always include this information: The “To be” will also change to indicate the time of the action and the aspect of the verb (simple, progressive, perfect). This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Simply omit the construction, find the real subject of the sentence, and allow it to do some real work with a real verb. This is especially true in simple, brief answers to questions. 1997. This is especially true of “To be” verbs tucked into dependent clauses (particularly dependent clauses using a passive construction) and expletive constructions (“There is,” “There were,” “it is,” etc.). Explore all the new features today! please go to: Bidding Information FYI email History of the @ The @symbol has been branded upon virtually every user on the Web . MacMillan Publishing Company: New York. When “To be” verbs are combined with modal forms in this manner, the construction is called a phrasal modal. Singular subjects require singular verbs; plural subjects require plural verbs. . to describe actions already in progress at the moment "in focus" within the sentence, as in “I, to describe actions at the moment of focus in contrast to habitual actions, as in “We usually buy the most inexpensive car we can find, but this time we, to express repeated actions, as in “My grandfather, to describe temporary situations in contrast to permanent states, as in “Jeffrey goes to the University of Connecticut, but this summer he, to express uncompleted actions, as in “Harvey and Mark are working on their deck.”. (For further information and additional vocabulary in dealing with linking verbs, visit the hyperlinks in this paragraph.). 34 nationwide. 4rth Edition. Date: Wednesday, January 6 It is acceptable. A linking verb provides no action to a sentence: the subject complement re-identifies the subject; the adjective complement modifies it. In very formal text, you might write “am I not” instead. Enter your offer code to begin your submission. The verb “To be” is said to be the most protean of the English language, constantly changing form, sometimes without much of a discernible pattern. Positive statements are followed by negative tags; negative statements by positive tags. Auckland Transport is responsible for Auckland's transport services (excluding state highways). First, . The fear of splitting an infinitive is without grounds in this construction. For instance, the police might report that “The professor was assaulted in the hallways” because they do not know the perpetrator of this heinous crime. ACT and the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) joined forces to help teachers navigate the rapidly changing world of distance learning. Heinle & Heinle: Boston. See the section on modals for the various kinds of information conveyed by modals (advisability, predictability, guessing, necessity, possibility, etc.). Careers We offer a wide range of positions, career advancement, as well as flexible working hours. That's usually an easy matter. The Greek sea god, Proteus, was (like the sea) capable of changing form in an instant. We must choose carefully among these various forms when selecting the proper verb to go with our subject. Welcome to the America's Tire Rebate Center. The ACT Center for Equity in Learning (CEL) supports research that focuses on closing gaps in equity and achievement.Our goal is to produce actionable evidence to guide thought leadership, and inform changes in policy and practice, that will lead to improved learning and achievement. MoMA’s Department … In a way, the “To be” verb doesn't do much for you — it just sits there — and text that is too heavily sprinkled with “To be” verbs can feel sodden, static. No late fees! In order to get any decent information out of him, you had to grab him and hold on tight while … Note that the relative pronoun frequently disappears as well when we revise these sentences. Consider the difference between a so-called dynamic adjective (or subject complement) and a stative adjective (or subject complement): “I am silly” OR “I am being silly” versus “I am tall.” I have chosen to be silly; I have no choice about being tall. 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